How does a man get gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is a curable infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is transmitted during vaginal, anal, and oral sex performing or receiving. Many men infected with gonorrhea have symptoms, while most women do not. Even when women do have symptoms, they can be mistaken for a bladder infection or other vaginal infection. Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through a urine test or by taking a specimen from the infected area. If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause complications such as PID and infertility.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What is Gonorrhea?
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Chlamydia: Sexually Transmitted Infection Symptoms and TreatmentContent:
Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed Version)
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease STD. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the:. Gonorrhea passes from person to person through unprotected oral, anal, or vaginal sex. The best protections against infection are abstinence, monogamy sex with only one partner , and proper condom usage. Behaviors that make a person more likely to engage in unprotected sex also increase the likelihood of infection.
These behaviors include alcohol abuse and illegal drug abuse , particularly intravenous drug use. Symptoms usually occur within two to 14 days after exposure. However, some people infected with gonorrhea never develop noticeable symptoms. Men may not develop noticeable symptoms for several weeks. Some men may never develop symptoms. Typically, the infection begins to show symptoms a week after its transmission. The first noticeable symptom in men is often a burning or painful sensation during urination.
As it progresses, other symptoms may include:. The infection will stay in the body for a few weeks after the symptoms have been treated. In rare instances, gonorrhea can continue to cause damage to the body, specifically the urethra and testicles.
Pain may also spread to the rectum. When women do develop symptoms, they tend to be mild or similar to other infections, making them more difficult to identify.
Gonorrhea infections can appear much like common vaginal yeast or bacterial infections. Healthcare professionals can diagnose gonorrhea infection in several ways.
They can take a sample of fluid from the symptomatic area with a swab penis, vagina, rectum, or throat and place it on a glass slide. If your doctor suspects a joint or blood infection , he or she will obtain the sample by drawing blood or inserting a needle into the symptomatic joint to withdraw fluid.
They will then add a stain to the sample and examine it under a microscope. If cells react to the stain, you most likely have a gonorrhea infection. This test may also be completed by a lab technologist.
A second method involves taking the same type of sample and placing it on a special dish. This will be incubated under ideal growth conditions for several days. A colony of gonorrhea bacteria will grow if gonorrhea is present. A preliminary result may be ready within 24 hours. A final result will take up to three days. Women are at greater risk of long-term complications from untreated infections.
Untreated infection with gonorrhea in women may ascend up the female reproductive tract and involve the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. This condition is known as pelvic inflammatory disease PID and can cause severe and chronic pain and damage the female reproductive organs. PID can be caused by other sexually transmitted diseases as well. Women may also develop blocking or scarring of the fallopian tubes, which can prevent future pregnancy or cause ectopic pregnancy.
An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg implants outside the uterus. Gonorrhea infection may pass to a newborn infant during delivery. Men may experience scarring of the urethra. Men may also develop a painful abscess in the interior of the penis. The infection can cause reduced fertility or sterility. When gonorrhea infection spreads to the bloodstream, both men and women can experience arthritis , heart valve damage, or inflammation of the lining of the brain or spinal cord.
These are rare but serious conditions. Modern antibiotics can cure most gonorrhea infections. Most states also provide free diagnosis and treatment at state-sponsored health clinics. There are no at-home remedies or over-the-counter medications that will treat an infection with gonorrhea. If you suspect that you have gonorrhea, you should seek care from a healthcare professional.
Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic injection of Ceftriaxone one time to the buttocks or a single dose of Azithromycin by mouth. Once on antibiotics, you should feel relief within days. The law requires healthcare professionals to report the infection, usually to the county public health department. Public health officials will identify, contact, test, and treat any sexual partners of the affected person to help prevent the spread of the infection.
Health officials will also contact other people these individuals may have had sexual contact with. The emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of gonorrhea is a growing challenge. These cases may require more extensive treatment, with a seven-day course of an oral antibiotic or dual therapy with two different antibiotics, usually for a total of seven days of therapy.
The antibiotics used for extended therapy are usually given once or twice a day. Some common antibiotics used include azithromycin and doxycycline.
Scientists are working to develop vaccines to prevent gonorrhea infection. The safest way to prevent gonorrhea or other STDs is through abstinence. If you do engage in sex, always use a condom. If your partner is showing signs of a possible infection, avoid any sexual contact with them. Ask them to seek medical attention to rule out any possible infection that can be passed on. If you think you may have gonorrhea, you should avoid any sexual activity.
You should also contact your doctor immediately. Cutting your course of antibiotics short can make the bacteria more likely to develop resistance to the antibiotic. You also need to follow up with your doctor one to two weeks later to make sure that your infection has cleared. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria that cause STDs. The risk factors are the same for both infections, and both cause similar symptoms. The complications of chlamydia are very similar to gonorrhea except chlamydia is much less likely to affect sites other than the reproductive tract.
Diagnosis and treatment are virtually the same as well. If you think you may have an STD, you should see a healthcare professional. They can determine what type it is by testing you as described above, and then start proper treatment. Understanding the risks and knowing the signs of STDs is crucial for any man who is sexually active. Learn how to spot the main symptoms of the most…. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection that may not present any noticeable symptoms. Although sometimes without symptoms, delaying treatment….
Vaginal discharge is normal in menstruating women. Changes in color, odor, or consistency may be a sign of a health condition. Untreated gonorrhea can spread to the bloodstream and other parts of the body. This can lead to a serious condition called systemic gonococcal….
Herpes simplex virus is common in the United States. Learn about gonorrhea treatment and prevention here…. Gonorrhea can be passed on to a newborn during delivery. Read more on how to treat gonorrhea in pregnancy.
Information on sexually transmitted infections specifically for women. Read about gender specific symptoms, prevention and tests.
Untreated sexually transmitted infections STIs can lead to potentially serious health problems. We explain how and when you should be tested for…. Symptoms of gonorrhea. Tests for gonorrhea. Complications of gonorrhea. Treatment of gonorrhea. Prevention of gonorrhea. What to do if you have gonorrhea. Q: What is the relationship between gonorrhea and chlamydia? A: Gonorrhea and chlamydia are both bacteria that cause STDs.
Graham Rogers, MD Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice. Chlamydia: Symptoms, Treatment, and More. Systemic Gonococcal Infection.
Herpes Simplex. Read this next.
Gonorrhea is a very common sexually transmitted disease, especially among to year-olds. Gonorrhea is highly contagious. You can get it by having unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has it.
Basic Fact Sheet Detailed Version. Basic fact sheets are presented in plain language for individuals with general questions about sexually transmitted diseases. The content here can be syndicated added to your web site. Print Version pdf icon.
Your test results show you have gonorrhea or chlamydia — or both. These are sexually transmitted diseases STDs that can cause permanent damage to you and your sex partners if not treated early. Once you are infected, you can infect someone else. Both gonorrhea and chlamydia often have no symptoms. Sometimes only one partner will have symptoms, even though both have the disease. Since these diseases can be given to other people when you have sex with them, you should notify everyone you have had sex with during the 60 days before your symptoms appeared or you were diagnosed. One of these people passed the disease on to you without knowing they had the disease.
What to know about gonorrhea
Back to Health A to Z. It used to be known as "the clap". The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are mainly found in discharge from the penis and in vaginal fluid. The bacteria can infect the entrance to the womb cervix , the tube that passes urine out of the body urethra , the rectum and, less commonly, the throat or eyes. The infection can also be passed from a pregnant woman to her baby.
Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases STDs. It is a bacterial infection spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected person. It can also be spread from a pregnant woman to her baby during childbirth. Gonorrhea can infect both men and women.
Frequent Transmission of Gonorrhea in Men Who Have Sex with Men
Gonorrhea is a disease caused by bacteria that live and grow in wet areas such as the penis, vagina, eyes, mouth, throat or anus. You can get gonorrhea through vaginal, oral or anal sex. A mother can also pass it to her baby during childbirth.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How do you know if you have a sexually transmitted infection (STI)?
These are all names for gonorrhea. Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection, or STI, caused by bacteria. There were a total of , cases of gonorrhea reported in the U. There were likely many more cases of gonorrhea that were not reported. Most of the gonorrhea infections were among young people both guys and girls between the ages of 15 and If you are having unprotected sexual contact penis, vagina, mouth, or anus with another person, you may be at risk.
Gonorrhea Gonococcal Infection (clap, drip)
Gonorrhea is an infection caused by a sexually transmitted bacterium that infects both males and females. Gonorrhea most often affects the urethra, rectum or throat. In females, gonorrhea can also infect the cervix. Gonorrhea is most commonly spread during vaginal, oral or anal sex. But babies of infected mothers can be infected during childbirth. In babies, gonorrhea most commonly affects the eyes.
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection STI.
Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease STD. It tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the:. Gonorrhea passes from person to person through unprotected oral, anal, or vaginal sex.
What Is Gonorrhea?
Basic Fact Sheet Detailed Version. Detailed fact sheets are intended for individuals with specific questions about sexually transmitted diseases. Detailed fact sheets include specific testing and treatment recommendations as well as citations so the reader can research the topic more in depth.
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