How to get a man for dummies
The deadly truth about a world built for men – from stab vests to car crashes
W hen broadcaster Sandi Toksvig was studying anthropology at university, one of her female professors held up a photograph of an antler bone with 28 markings on it. Women have always tracked their periods. For most of human history, though, that perspective has not been recorded. Going back to the theory of Man the Hunter, the lives of men have been taken to represent those of humans overall. When it comes to the other half of humanity, there is often nothing but silence.
And these silences are everywhere. This is the gender data gap. These silences, these gaps, have consequences. The impact can be relatively minor — struggling to reach a top shelf set at a male height norm, for example. Irritating, certainly. But not life-threatening. For these women, the consequences of living in a world built around male data can be deadly. The gender data gap is both a cause and a consequence of the type of unthinking that conceives of humanity as almost exclusively male. In the musical My Fair Lady, phoneticist Henry Higgins is baffled when, after enduring months of his hectoring put-downs, his protege-cum-victim Eliza Doolittle finally bites back.
The formula to determine standard office temperature was developed in the s around the metabolic resting rate of the average man. But a recent Dutch study found that the metabolic rate of young adult females performing light office work is significantly lower than the standard values for men doing the same activity. This leads to the odd sight of female office workers wrapped in blankets in the summer, while their male colleagues wander around in shorts.
Not only is this situation inequitable, it is bad business sense: an uncomfortable workforce is an unproductive workforce.
But workplace data gaps lead to a lot worse than simple discomfort and inefficiency. Over the past years, workplaces have, on the whole, got considerably safer. In the early s, about 4, people in the UK died at work every year. By , that figure had fallen to But while serious injuries at work have been decreasing for men, there is evidence that they have been increasing among women. The gender data gap is again implicated, with occupational research traditionally focused on male-dominated industries.
Every year, 8, people in the UK die from work-related cancers. Over the past 50 years, breast cancer rates in the industrialised world have risen significantly — but a failure to research female bodies, occupations and environments means that the data for exactly what is behind this rise is lacking. Instead, we continue to rely on data from studies done on men as if they apply to women. Specifically, Caucasian men aged 25 to 30, who weigh 70kg.
Of course, he does not. Men and women have different immune systems and hormones, which can play a role in how chemicals are absorbed. Women tend to be smaller than men and have thinner skin, both of which can lower the level of toxins they can be safely exposed to. Chemicals are still usually tested in isolation, and on the basis of a single exposure.
But this is not how women tend to encounter them. Many of these chemicals have been linked to cancer, miscarriages and lung diseases. If these women then go home and begin a second unpaid shift cleaning their home, they will be exposed to different chemicals that are ubiquitous in common products.
The effects of these mixing together are largely unknown. Most of the research on chemicals has focused on their absorption through the skin. But many of the ones used in nail salons are extremely volatile, which means that they evaporate at room temperature and can be inhaled — along with the considerable amounts of dust produced when acrylic nails are filed.
The research on how this may impact on workers is virtually nonexistent. Part of the failure to see the risks in traditionally female-dominated industries is because often these jobs are an extension of what women do in the home although at a more onerous scale. Why does a brick have to be that size?
In the UK, employers are legally required to provide well-maintained personal protective equipment PPE — anything from goggles to full body suits — to workers who need it, free of charge. The TUC found that employers often think that when it comes to female workers all they need to do to comply with this legal requirement is to buy smaller sizes. Differences in chests, hips and thighs can affect the way the straps fit on safety harnesses.
When it comes to frontline workers, poorly fitting PPE can prove fatal. In , a British female police officer was stabbed and killed while using a hydraulic ram to enter a flat. She had removed her body armour because it was too difficult to use the ram while wearing it. Two years later, a female police officer revealed that she had had to have breast-reduction surgery because of the health effects of wearing her body armour.
After this case was reported, another officers in the same force came forward to complain about the standard-issue protective vest. But although the complaints have been coming regularly over the past 20 years, little seems to have been done. British female police officers report being bruised by their kit belts; a number have had to have physiotherapy because of the way stab vests sit on their body; many complain there is no space for their breasts.
This is not only uncomfortable, it also results in stab vests coming up too short, leaving women unprotected. Any woman who has ever been to the theatre knows what that means. This evening, the queue was worse than usual. Far worse. The obvious happened. Rather than rendering the toilets genuinely gender neutral, they had simply increased the provision for men. However, if a male toilet has both cubicles and urinals, the number of people who can relieve themselves at once is far higher per square foot of floor space in the male bathroom than in the female bathroom.
Women make up the majority of the elderly and disabled, two groups that will tend to need more time in the toilet. Women are also more likely to be accompanied by children, as well as disabled and older people. Women may also require more trips to the bathroom: pregnancy significantly reduces bladder capacity, and women are eight times more likely to suffer from urinary-tract infections. In the face of all these anatomical differences, it would surely take a formal equality dogmatist to continue to argue that equal floor space between men and women is fair.
Donison was writing as a male pianist who, due to his smaller than average hands, had struggled for years with traditional keyboards, but he could equally have been writing as a woman. There is plenty of data showing that women have, on average, smaller hands, and yet we continue to design equipment around the average male hand as if one-size-fits-men is the same as one-size-fits-all. The average smartphone size is now 5.
This is obviously annoying — and foolish for a company like Apple, given that research shows women are more likely to own an iPhone than men. The tech journalist and author James Ball has a theory for why the big-screen fixation persists: because the received wisdom is that men drive high-end smartphone purchases.
Or could it be because smartphones are designed without women in mind? Good news for men, then. But tough breaks for women like my friend Liz who owns a third-generation Motorola Moto G. He said it was easy on his. Turns out we have the same phone. I wondered if it was a hand-size thing. When Zeynep Tufekci, a researcher at the University of North Carolina, was trying to document tear gas use in the Gezi Park protests in Turkey in , the size of her Google Nexus got in the way.
It was the evening of 9 June. Gezi Park was crowded. Parents were there with their children. And then the canisters were fired. So she pulled out her phone. Clearly, it is unfair for women to pay the same price as men for products that deliver an inferior service. But there can also be serious safety implications. Voice-recognition software in cars, for example, is meant to decrease distractions and make driving safer.
An article on car website Autoblog quoted a woman who had bought a Ford Focus, only to find that its voice-command system only listened to her husband, even though he was in the passenger seat.
They told me to get a man to set it up. Immediately after writing this, I was with my mother in her Volvo Cross Country watching her try and fail to get the voice-recognition system to call her sister. After five failed attempts I suggested she tried lowering the pitch of her voice. It worked first time. In the tech world, the implicit assumption that men are the default human remains king.
It could track blood pressure; steps taken; blood alcohol level; even molybdenum and copper intake. But as many women pointed out at the time, they forgot one crucial detail: a period tracker. When Apple launched their AI, Siri, users in the US found that she ironically could find prostitutes and Viagra suppliers, but not abortion providers. Men are more likely than women to be involved in a car crash, which means they dominate the numbers of those seriously injured in them.
Women tend to sit further forward when driving. This is because we are on average shorter. Our legs need to be closer to reach the pedals, and we need to sit more upright to see clearly over the dashboard. And our wilful deviation from the norm means that we are at greater risk of internal injury on frontal collisions. The angle of our knees and hips as our shorter legs reach for the pedals also makes our legs more vulnerable.
Women are also at higher risk in rear-end collisions. We have less muscle on our necks and upper torso, which make us more vulnerable to whiplash by up to three times , and car design has amplified this vulnerability.
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Being the Best Man For Dummies
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During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you. We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what. Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities. We will get through this together.
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Relationship Advice—From Men
As with anything we do and expect results, skin care requires consistency. William Kwan , a board-certified dermatologist in San Francisco, California, to streamline skin care. Here are the three most important steps he highlights, ones that men usually skimp on. One thing dudes have gotten right is not washing their face every single morning.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: FIRING RANGE EASTER EGG SOLVED!! How To Make Dummies ATTACK In Apex Legends
During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you. We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what. Thank you to our community and to all of our readers who are working to aid others in this time of crisis, and to all of those who are making personal sacrifices for the good of their communities. We will get through this together. If you want to understand men, the first thing you have to know is that men and women really are from the same planet. Though scientific research has shown some differences between men and women, there are plenty of myths that make it seem that men and women are far more different than they really are.
How to be a Gentleman for Dummies
W hen broadcaster Sandi Toksvig was studying anthropology at university, one of her female professors held up a photograph of an antler bone with 28 markings on it. Women have always tracked their periods. For most of human history, though, that perspective has not been recorded. Going back to the theory of Man the Hunter, the lives of men have been taken to represent those of humans overall. When it comes to the other half of humanity, there is often nothing but silence. And these silences are everywhere. This is the gender data gap. These silences, these gaps, have consequences.
Connecting decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people and ideas, Bloomberg quickly and accurately delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the world. The danger divide was first quantified in a study out of the University of Virginia , which found that for men and women who wore seatbelts, women were nearly 50 percent more likely to be seriously or fatally injured in a crash. The latest study, which analyzed crashes involving more than 31, individuals between and , reveals some good news, too: All riders are now more than half as likely to sustain serious injuries in newer models those manufactured in and later than in older cars. Female pelvises, for example, are generally wider and more shallow than those of males, and fat is distributed differently.
Type keyword s to search. Today's Top Stories. When it comes to figuring out the opposite sex, sometimes it pays to go straight to the source. We got real men to answer the question, "What the eff is he thinking?!
Check out. Gentleman is a concept that was born in the United Kingdom during the Victorian era At that time—a gentleman—Was the definition of a man with a calm temperament showing proof of stoicism, courtesy, and good manners. In other words, it was someone with an open mind and good education.
Наверное, он сейчас у .
Камера последовала за Халохотом, двинувшимся в направлении жертвы. Внезапно откуда-то появился пожилой человек, подбежал к Танкадо и опустился возле него на колени. Халохот замедлил шаги. Мгновение спустя появились еще двое - тучный мужчина и рыжеволосая женщина.
Он пытался, сэр! - Мидж помахала листком бумаги. - Уже четыре раза. ТРАНСТЕКСТ заклинило. Фонтейн повернулся к окну. - Господи Исусе. Раздался телефонный звонок. Директор резко обернулся.
Его руки снова обхватили ее - одна сдавила левую грудь, другая - талию - и оторвали от двери. Сьюзан кричала и молотила руками в тщетной попытке высвободиться, а он все тащил ее, и пряжка его брючного ремня больно вдавливалась ей в спину. Хейл был необычайно силен. Когда он проволок ее по ковру, с ее ног соскочили туфли.