How much does a pregnant woman get
Being pregnant can be a tiring experience for a woman's body. Both the physical discomforts of pregnancy as well as the emotional stress of this major life change can cause sleep problems and keep a mother-to-be awake at night. People may joke that the difficulty many pregnant women have sleeping is merely preparing them for the lack of sleep they will experience when the baby finally arrives. All kidding aside, pregnancy is a good time for women to take their sleep needs more seriously and make an effort to get more of it.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Pregnancy fit tips - Laying down
Body Changes During Pregnancy
A woman's body undergoes many transformations during the nine months of pregnancy. Some of these physical changes are visible, such as an expanding belly and weight gain, while others are well known, such as an enlarged uterus, morning sickness and backaches. However, a few bodily changes may be unexpected and catch some women by surprise. One change that often takes some pregnant women by surprise is an increase in breast size, Trout told Live Science.
A second unanticipated change is varicose veins in the genitals, Trout said. Women may expect varicose veins in their legs during pregnancy, but veins near the vagina and vulva can also become swollen and pop out usually in the third trimester, she said.
Although swollen veins in this area can be uncomfortable, they tend to go away after delivery, Trout said. Here is a head-to-toe guide of some other physical changes that a woman's body may experience while she is pregnant. She explained that women are more susceptible to infections during pregnancy because the immune system tamps down. But some women are afraid to go to the dentist while pregnant. Trout said it's okay to get dental X-rays during pregnancy as long as the belly is properly shielded from radiation.
A woman may have many good hair days during pregnancy as estrogen increases the length of the growing phase of hair follicles often resulting in a thicker and healthier looking head of hair.
A woman may not only get more hair on her head, but also more hair growth on her body — sometimes in unwanted places, such as the upper lip, stomach, back and nipples, Trout said.
They might see clumps of hair falling out after a shower or brushing, which is a normal occurrence. Most women find their hair returns to its normal growth and texture within four to six months after giving birth.
Nail changes may be a result of increased blood flow to the fingers and toes due to increased estrogen levels, Trout said. Like hair, nails also tend to grow faster when a woman is pregnant, making them good targets for manicures and pedicures before giving birth.
Skin changes are very common during pregnancy, but the ones that tend to be the most bothersome to women are stretch marks, Trout said. These pinkish, purplish lines are typically seen on a woman's abdomen, breasts, backside or thighs, and they tend to itch, she said. Stretch marks are more likely to occur in women who are obese, have rapid weight gain during pregnancy, or have large fetuses, Trout said.
They may be caused by a breakdown of collagen, or connective tissue that supports the skin, in areas where the skin has had rapid growth and stretched. Trout recommended using cocoa butter to help relieve the itchiness of stretch marks, but she also notes that there may not be a way to prevent them.
They also typically shrink after giving birth and become less noticeable. Women who are expecting may often have a " pregnancy glow. But not everything is rosy when it comes to skin changes during pregnancy. Pigment changes, such as the "mask of pregnancy," also known as melasma or chloasma, are a common occurrence.
These brownish patches of darkened skin may appear on the face around the eyes and over the cheeks and nose, due to an increase in melanin, a pigment that gives skin its color. In addition, fluctuating hormone levels can produce a dark line in the middle of the abdomen running from the belly button to the pubic bone.
Known as linea negra, this pigment change is usually more common in women with a dark complexion, and it often fades after delivery. Hormonal shifts that cause the skin to secrete more oil are likely responsible for the flare-ups. For additional support, some women may sleep with a maternity bra at night, she said. In addition, the areolas, the skin surrounding the nipples, will darken and enlarge early in pregnancy. And a woman's breasts may start leaking colostrum, a milky fluid. This typically happens during the third trimester but it can occur earlier.
As a woman's abdomen expands late in the second trimester or during the third, her belly button tends to pop out, Trout said. This could make an innie look like an outie, and an outie stick out even more, she pointed out.
Women will tend to feel warmer and sweat a lot during pregnancy due to an increased metabolic rate and increased sweat gland activity, Trout said.
To stay cool, especially in the summer, she recommended that women wear loose clothing and drink plenty of water every day.
A woman is getting enough water when her urine looks yellow or clear and not the color of tea, Trout said. However, she warned that some prenatal vitamins may turn urine bright yellow.
During a woman's first prenatal visit, her pelvis will be examined to decide if it's roomy enough to deliver a baby, Trout said. Relaxin not only relaxes ligaments in a woman's pelvis to prepare her for labor and delivery, but it also stretches joints and ligaments all over the body.
This can lead to back pain and sciatica, or pain along the sciatic nerve — which starts in the lower back and runs through the backside and down the leg, Trout said. She said relaxin is also responsible for the "pregnancy waddle," an altered walk resulting from a bigger belly and an increased curvature of a woman's spine.
Some women say their feet grow an entire shoe size during pregnancy, and an increase in growth hormone may possibly be the reason why, Trout said. A few small studies have confirmed that feet get bigger when women are expecting and they suggest that arches in the feet flatten out. Swelling in the feet and ankles may also occur because the body is producing extra fluids that might pool in these two locations.
Live Science. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Some are well know; others may catch her by surprise.
Weight Gain During Pregnancy
From promoting your baby's development to paving the way for post-pregnancy weight loss, here's why pregnancy weight gain matters. Like it or not, eating for two isn't a license to eat twice as much as usual. Use healthy lifestyle habits to manage your pregnancy weight gain, support your baby's health and make it easier to shed the extra pounds after delivery. There's no one-size-fits-all approach to pregnancy weight gain.
Most women should gain somewhere between 25 and 35 pounds Most will gain 2 to 4 pounds 1 to 2 kilograms during the first trimester, and then 1 pound 0. The amount of weight gain depends on your situation. A balanced, nutrient-rich diet , along with exercise, is the basis for a healthy pregnancy. For most pregnant women, the right amount of calories is:.
Too many women gain too much weight during pregnancy, CDC says
Every pregnant woman gains weight differently so there are no official guidelines for how much weight you should gain. The most important thing is to keep your weight gain to a safe and healthy level for you and your baby. Only some of the weight you gain in pregnancy will be body fat. The other things causing weight gain will include:. But don't try to lose weight while you're pregnant as this is not healthy for you or your baby. Most women put on between 10kg 22lb and Your healthy weight gain during pregnancy may depend on the weight you were before you got pregnant. Work out your BMI with our calculator. Try not to get too concerned about these guidelines.
How much weight will I put on during my pregnancy?
Fewer than one-third of pregnant American women gained an appropriate amount of weight during their pregnancies, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control. A pregnant woman eats for two, as the saying goes. But in the United States, a lot of them are eating for three or more. Women who are overweight or obese before they become pregnant are most likely to add too many additional pounds during those crucial nine months.
Pregnancy is a time of changes within the body. It is normal to gain some weight during pregnancy due to the growth of the baby, placenta and fluid around the baby amniotic fluid. The amount of weight that you should gain during pregnancy depends on your pre-pregnancy body mass index BMI. This is your weight measured in kilograms divided by your height measured in metres squared.
Managing your weight gain during pregnancy
All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. How much weight is safe for you to gain during pregnancy depends on your pre-pregnancy body mass index BMI.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How Long Will It Take to Get Pregnant?
Lack of sleep during pregnancy has been tied to a number of complications, including preeclampsia a serious condition that affects your blood pressure and kidneys and could result in pre-term birth. Now is the time to take sleep seriously. When you become pregnant, one of the first symptoms you may notice is being overwhelmingly tired, even exhausted. Sleep will be irresistible to you. You can most likely blame your changing hormones for this, especially the extra progesterone that comes with being pregnant. In the beginning, pregnancy also lowers your blood pressure and blood sugar, which can make you feel tired.
How much weight should I gain in pregnancy?
A woman's body undergoes many transformations during the nine months of pregnancy. Some of these physical changes are visible, such as an expanding belly and weight gain, while others are well known, such as an enlarged uterus, morning sickness and backaches. However, a few bodily changes may be unexpected and catch some women by surprise. One change that often takes some pregnant women by surprise is an increase in breast size, Trout told Live Science. A second unanticipated change is varicose veins in the genitals, Trout said. Women may expect varicose veins in their legs during pregnancy, but veins near the vagina and vulva can also become swollen and pop out usually in the third trimester, she said. Although swollen veins in this area can be uncomfortable, they tend to go away after delivery, Trout said. Here is a head-to-toe guide of some other physical changes that a woman's body may experience while she is pregnant.
The amount of weight you gain during pregnancy is important for the health of your pregnancy and for the long-term health of you and your baby. Learn about pregnancy weight gain recommendations and steps you can take to meet your pregnancy weight gain goal. How much weight you should gain during pregnancy is based on your body mass index BMI before pregnancy. BMI is a measure of body fat calculated from weight and height. Calculate your BMI and weight category using your weight before you became pregnant:.
Healthy weight gain during pregnancy
Back to Pregnancy. Weight gain in pregnancy varies greatly. Most pregnant women gain between 10kg and
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