How does a man get a uti
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. A urinary tract infection is an infection caused by bacteria in any part of the urinary system, which is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Most urinary tract infections UTIs affect the bladder and the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to outside the body. Although a UTI is one of the most common infections in women, it is rare in men. UTIs are estimated to affect around 3 percent of men worldwide each year.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: How do you get a UTI (urinary tract infection)?
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All you need to know about UTIs in men
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A UTI is when bacteria gets into your urine and travels up to your bladder. UTIs cause more than 8. The role of the urinary tract is to make and stores urine. Urine is one of the waste products of your body.
Urine is made in the kidneys and travels down the ureters to the bladder. The bladder stores the urine until it is emptied by urinating through the urethra, a tube that connects the bladder to the skin.
The opening of the urethra is at the end of the penis in a male and above the vaginal opening in a female. The kidneys are a pair of fist-sized organs in the back that filter liquid waste from the blood and remove it from the body in the form of urine.
Kidneys balance the levels of many chemicals in the body sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorous and others and check the blood's acidity.
Certain hormones are also made in the kidneys. These hormones help control blood pressure, boost red blood cell production and help make strong bones. Normal urine has no bacteria in it, and the one-way flow helps prevent infections.
Still, bacteria may get into the urine through the urethra and travel up into the bladder. When you have a UTI, the lining of the bladder and urethra become red and irritated just as your throat does when you have a cold. The irritation can cause pain in your lower abdomen pelvic area and even lower back, and will usually make you feel like urinating more often.
Burning or pain when urinating is the most common symptom. You may even feel a strong urge or need to urinate but only get a few drops. This is because the bladder is so irritated that it makes you feel like you have to urinate, even when you don't have much urine in your bladder. At times, you may lose control and leak urine. You may also find that your urine smells bad and is cloudy. Kidney infections often cause fevers and upper back pain - usually on one side or the other.
Kidney infections may also often cause nausea and vomiting. These infections need to be treated at once because a kidney infection can spread into the bloodstream and cause a life-threatening health issue. Large numbers of bacteria live in the area around the vagina and rectum, and also on your skin. Bacteria may get into the urine from the urethra and travel into the bladder.
They may even travel up to the kidney. But no matter how far they go, bacteria in the urinary tract can cause problems. Just as some people are more prone to colds, some people are more prone to UTIs. Women are more likely to get a UTI than men because women have shorter urethras than men, so bacteria have a shorter distance to travel to reach the bladder. Women who have gone through menopause have a change in the lining of the vagina and lose the protection that estrogen provides, that lowers the chance of getting a UTI.
Some women are genetically predisposed to UTIs and have urinary tracts that make it easier for bacteria to cling to them. Sexual intercourse can also affect how often you get UTIs.
Women who use diaphragms have also been found to have a higher risk of UTIs when compared to those who use other forms of birth control. Using condoms with spermicidal foam is also known to be linked to greater risk of getting UTIs in women. You are more likely to get a UTI if your urinary tract has an abnormality or has recently had a device such as a tube to drain fluid from the body placed in it. If you are not able to urinate normally because of some type of blockage, you will also have a higher chance of a UTI.
Anatomical abnormalities in the urinary tract may also lead to UTIs. These abnormalities are often found in children at an early age but can still be found in adults. There may be structural abnormalities, such as outpouchings called diverticula, that harbor bacteria in the bladder or urethra or even blockages, such as an enlarged bladder, that keep the body from draining all the urine from the bladder. Issues such as diabetes high blood sugar also put people at higher risk for UTIs because the body is not able to fight off germs as well.
If you are worried about a UTI, then you should talk with your health care provider. UTIs can be found by analyzing a urine sample. The urine is examined under a microscope for bacteria or white blood cells, which are signs of infection. Your health care provider may also take a urine culture. This is a test that detects and identifies bacteria and yeast in the urine, which may be causing a UTI.
If you ever see blood in your urine, you should call your health care provider right away. Blood in the urine may be caused by a UTI but it may also be from another problem in the urinary tract. If you are having fevers and symptoms of a UTI, or symptoms that won't go away despite therapy, then you should call a health care provider. You may need further tests, such as an ultrasound or CT scan, to check the urinary tract.
There are two types of UTIs: simple and complicated. Simple UTIs are infections that happen in healthy people with normal urinary tracts. Complicated UTIs happen in abnormal urinary tracts or when the bacteria causing the infection cannot be treated by many antibiotics.
A simple UTI can be treated with a short course of antibiotic meds. A short, 3-day course of an appropriate antibiotic will often treat most uncomplicated UTIs. However, some infections may need to be treated longer. Pain and the urge to urinate often go away after a few doses, but you should still take the full course of the antibiotic to ensure all the UTI is treated, even if you feel better.
Unless UTIs are fully treated, they can often return. You should also drink plenty of liquids, especially around the time of a UTI. Postmenopausal women with UTIs may be helped by topical vaginal hormone replacement with estrogen. Since some patients may have other medical issues that prevent them from using estrogen, you should talk with your health care provider before starting any treatment.
Sometimes the antibiotic therapy may be started intravenously IV in the hospital. After a short period of IV antibiotics, the antibiotics are given by mouth for up to 2 weeks. Kidney infections are often treated as a complicated UTI. Symptoms of UTIs often improve within a few days of antibiotics. As long as all UTI symptoms are resolved after the course of antibiotics is complete, you do not need another urine culture to prove that the infection is gone.
Depending on the situation, if you have a complicated UTI, you may need a urine culture to show that the UTI is completely gone. If your symptoms don't go away even after antibiotics, then you may need a longer course of antibiotic, a different antibiotic, or different way of taking it. Men are less likely to get a UTI in the first place. But if they get one, they are likely to have another because the bacteria tend to hide inside the prostate. If you get UTIs often 3 or more per year , then you should see your health care provider.
Your health care provider might want to do more tests such as checking if the bladder empties to find out why. If you keep getting UTIs, a longer course of low-dose antibiotics or taking an antibiotic after sex may help.
There are also methods of self-testing that your health care provider may arrange that let you diagnosis and treat your UTIs at home. Most UTIs are single events that, if treated, will not come back.
Some patients have anatomical and genetic predispositions that tend to make getting UTIs more likely. If you are being treated for a UTI and are not getting better, or you have symptoms of a UTI along with upset stomach and throwing up, or fever and chills, then you should call your health care provider.
Spring UHe Highlights Most cases of kidney cancer are found when a person has a scan for a reason unrelated to their kidneys, such as stomach or back pain. Lifestyle Tips For Good Urologic Health You can get on track for good urologic health with better eating habits and small changes to your lifestyle. Research At the Urology Care Foundation, we support research aimed at helping the millions of men, women and children who struggle with urologic cancer and disease.
What should men know about sex and urinary tract infections?
This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action. Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Feb 3, A UTI is caused by bacteria that get inside your urinary tract.
Urinary tract infections UTIs , also called bladder infections , occur when fungi, viruses and bacteria find their way into the bladder. Normally, these irritants are flushed out of the body before they can cause symptoms. When UTIs linger, an infection can occur in your bladder cystitis or urethra urethritis. Women typically get bladder infections because they have a shorter urethra, but men can also experience this painful condition. The incidence in men , younger than age 50, is five to eight per 10, a year.
What Happens When Men Get UTIs
Urinary tract infections UTIs are caused by bacteria that find their way into the urinary tract. They typically enter the body through the urethra and can travel to other organs. Urinary tract infections UTIs are not as common in men as they are in women. This is largely due to anatomy. Symptoms of UTIs are similar for men and women. They include a constant need to urinate, discomfort during urination, cloudy or discolored urine, and abdominal or lower back pain. Men might have an unusual discharge from the penis. Older men are more likely to develop UTIs than younger men. Other common risk factors are an enlarged prostate, diabetes, and kidney stones. Any abnormalities in the urinary tract or recent catheter insertion can also raise the risk of UTIs.
Urinary Tract Infections in Boys
Back to Health A to Z. Urinary tract infections UTIs can affect different parts of your urinary tract, including your bladder cystitis , urethra urethritis or kidneys kidney infection. Most UTIs can be easily treated with antibiotics. If you have symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection STI , you can also get treatment from a sexual health clinic. Find a sexual health clinic.
Urinary tract infections involve the parts of the body — the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra — that produce urine and carry it out of the body. Urinary tract infections often are classified into two types based on their location in the urinary tract:. Most cases of urinary tract infections occur in women.
Urinary Tract Infection in Men
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Men can get urinary tract infections UTIs. Because UTIs are more common among women, men often don't realize that they can also develop these infections. UTIs in men cause pain with urination, as well as other symptoms. Some medical conditions, such as sexually transmitted diseases STDs and prostate disease increase the risk of UTIs in men. Treatment for a UTI typically includes antibiotics and evaluation and management of the risk factors. UTIs may cause a variety of different symptoms in men.
Urine Infection In Men
Though women are usually the ones plagued with irritating urinary tract infection UTI symptoms, men can develop UTIs, too. And the older a man is, the greater his risk for getting one. While urinary tract infections are common in women, with at least 40 to 60 percent of women developing a UTI during their lives, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases 1 , men are not immune to these often troublesome and potentially dangerous infections. According to the American Urological Association, 12 percent of men will have symptoms of at least one UTI during their lives. Conversely, the male anatomy can help keep this type of infection at bay. Besides age, there are additional factors that put you at a greater risk for getting a UTI if you're a man, including: 1, 4. In addition, not every man, woman, or child who gets a UTI has typical UTI symptoms , but most do exhibit at least one or more signs of infection. And when men do get UTIs, their symptoms are generally not too different from those that women experience.
Most urine infections are caused by germs bacteria which come from your own bowel. They cause no harm in your bowel but can cause infection if they get into other parts of your body. Some bacteria lie around your back passage anus after you pass a stool faeces. These bacteria sometimes travel to the tube which passes urine from your bladder the urethra and into your bladder. Some bacteria thrive in urine and multiply quickly to cause infection.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Although bladder infections are more common in women, men can get them, too. Signs and symptoms of bladder infection cystitis in men include:. Erik P.
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